In ancient times, religion was indistinguishable from what is known as 'mythology' in the present day and consisted of regular rituals based on a belief in higher supernatural entities who created and continued to maintain the world and surrounding cosmos. A careful study of comparative religion and spiritual philosophy reveals that abandonment of belief, of any clinging to a future life for one’s own, and of any attempt to escape from finitude and mortality, is a regular and normal stage in the way of the spirit. In the equality act religion or belief can mean any religion, for example an organised religion like christianity, judaism, islam or buddhism, or a smaller religion like rastafarianism or paganism, as long as it has a clear structure and belief system.
Scientology is a truly unique contemporary religion—the only major religion to emerge in the 20th century scientology is fully developed, by definition of religion, in its theology, religious practice and organization. Atheism is not a creed in the first sense for the same reasons it's not an ideology or philosophy, with the additional factor that it has nothing inherently to do with religious belief there are no atheist denominations and even narrowly defined it is not a religious formula. Humanism is a progressive philosophy of life that, without theism or other supernatural beliefs, affirms our ability and responsibility to lead ethical lives of personal fulfillment that aspire to the greater good. The relation between religion and politics continues to be an important theme in political philosophy, despite the emergent consensus (both among political theorists and in practical political contexts, such as the united nations) on the right to freedom of conscience and on the need for some sort.
Theosophy: theosophy, occult movement originating in the 19th century with roots that can be traced to ancient gnosticism and neoplatonism the term theosophy, derived from the greek theos (“god”) and sophia (“wisdom”), is generally understood to mean “divine wisdom” forms of this doctrine were held in. The philosophy of religion as a distinct discipline is an innovation of the last 200 years, but its central topics—the existence and nature of the divine, humankind’s relation to it, the nature of religion, and the place of religion in human life—have been with us since. In keeping with a philosophy that celebrates life, many rastafarians deny the possibility of death, except as a consequence of sin, and believe that the doctrine of the existence of, and reward in, the afterlife is the white man's teaching aimed at deflecting blacks from the pursuit of their just rewards in this life. Philosophy of religion is philosophy of religion so, of course, it is important that philosophy of religion does justice to the full range of world religions but, in equal measure, political philosophy is political philosophy: it is important that political philosophy does justice to the full range of political persuasions and institutions.
Modern philosophy of religion is much concerned with assessing the reasons for religious belief, especially arguments for god's existence (see natural theology), investigating the nature of religious language, and considering the philosophical problems raised by religion. In his absorbing new book, where the conflict really lies, alvin plantinga, a distinguished analytic philosopher known for his contributions to metaphysics and theory of knowledge as well as to the philosophy of religion, turns this alleged opposition on its head. Philosophy of religion is rational thought about religious issues and concerns without a presumption of the existence of a deity or reliance on acts of faith philosophers examine the nature of religion and religious beliefs.
Philosophy of religion covers alternative beliefs about god (or gods), the varieties of religious experience, the interplay between science and religion, the nature and scope of good and evil, and religious treatments of birth, history, and death. Question: what is the difference between religion and spirituality answer: before we explore the difference between religion and spirituality, we must first define the two terms religion can be defined as “belief in god or gods to be worshipped, usually expressed in conduct and ritual” or “any specific system of belief, worship, etc, often involving a code of ethics. Contemporary analytic philosophers of mind generally use the term “belief” to refer to the attitude we have, roughly, whenever we take something to be the case or regard it as true.
This contrast with religion relies too heavily on the assimilation of religion to religious belief and it neglects the ceremonial and ritual and community-building aspects of the various religions. Religious beliefs require a belief in god or gods — one of the most common misconceptions about religious belief is that it requires a belief in god or a supreme being but such a feature would be too narrow because it would exclude polytheistic religions that do not recognize a supreme being.
How you validate the data (science v religion) in my view is not important to the definition of belief, it's the reliance on the datum within your constellation of other datum to make sense of your world or existence that is the key to belief. Religion and indian philosophy the majority of asian indians practice the hinduism the other major regions are sikhism, buddhism, jainism, christianity and islam and a small percentage of population practice judaism, zoroastrianism, and baha’i’ faith. Thomas jefferson’s religious beliefs have long been a subject of public discussion, and were a critical topic in several of his important political campaigns as he was viciously and unfairly attacked for alleged atheism.